Actor Who Pleaded Guilty In Hollywood Film Licensing Ponzi Scheme Gets 20-Year Sentence

UPDATED with sentencing: Zachary Horwitz, the Hollywood actor who pleaded guilty last fall for operating a Ponzi scheme that bilked $650 million from investors who thought their money would be used to acquire licensing rights to films, was sentenced to 20 years in prison Monday.

U.S. District Judge Mark C. Scarsi also also ordered Horwitz to pay $230,361,884 in restitution to his victims. Horowitz, whose screen name was Zach Avery, pleaded guilty in October to one count of securities fraud after his arrest in April 2021.

His scheme went on for more than five years, with Horowitz raising millions of dollars from investors — some personal friends– by telling them their money would be used by his company, 1inMM Capital, to acquire film distribution rights in foreign territories, which then would be licensed to online platforms like Netflix and HBO. None of that ever actually happened, with the documents faked and the money instead used to fund a lavish lifestyle that included a $6 million Beverlywood home, expensive cars and private jets.

“Defendant Zachary Horwitz portrayed himself as a Hollywood success story,” the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Central District of California said today citing a sentencing memorandum. “He branded himself as an industry player, who, through his company…leveraged his relationships with online streaming platforms like HBO and Netflix to sell them foreign film distribution rights at a steady premium… But, as his victims came to learn, [Horwitz] was not a successful businessman or Hollywood insider. He just played one in real life.”

PREVIOUS UPDATE, October 5, 2021: Actor Zachary Horwitz has pleaded guilty in a Ponzi scheme that cost investors more than $227 million with fake promises of licensing rights to films by WarnerMedia-owned HBO and Netflix in Latin America.

Horwitz, who has gone by the screen name Zach Avery, entered his plea to one count of securities fraud Monday in Los Angeles, the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Central District of California said in a statement. He faces up to 20 years in prison if convicted.

Horwitz used some of the stolen money to buy a $6 million house in the Beverlywood area of Los Angeles and paid off more than $300,000 in credit card debt, prosecutors said. He is scheduled to be sentenced January 2.

PREVIOUSLY, April 7: In a real-life scheme that could easily make up the plot of a network procedural or streaming limited series, HBO and Netflix helped the feds bring to justice a Hollywood wannabe who scammed investors out of hundreds of millions of dollars.

Zachary Horwitz, who has gone by the screen name Zach Avery, was taken into custody by the FBI Tuesday on criminal charges of allegedly defaulting on more than $227 million from backers who thought they were going to cash in with licensing right to films by the WarnerMedia-owned cabler and the streamer in Latin America.

“In reality, neither HORWITZ nor 1inMM Capital ever engaged in email correspondence with Netflix or HBO, nor did HORWITZ or 1inMM Capital ever have any business relationship with Netflix or HBO at all,” declares an April 5 affidavit from FBI Special Agent John Verrastro of The Devil Below actor and his film distribution shingle formed in 2013. “The email exchanges and licensing agreements were fake,” Verrastro adds (read the affidavit here).

Fake as they may be, the high-living Horwitz had the scam running quite successfully for a number of years, with few questions asked by his avaricious investors. By taking funds from Paul to pay Peter, so to speak, Horwitz was able to bilk more backers and to float the scheme’s promised return of 25% to the likes of Chicago-based JJMT Capital, LLC. Over more than five years, the sleight of hand provided a mirage of financial triumph and allowed Horwitz to snag a $6 million Beverlywood spread and other baubles.

In late 2019, however, 1inMM began to default on its promissory notes, with claims of time-consuming audits and corporate restructuring at Netflix and HBO.

“To prolong the scheme and maintain the illusion that 1inMM Capital was a legitimate business in the wake of these mounting defaults, HORWITZ falsely represented to JJMT that the online platforms had refused to pay on time for the distribution rights as obligated, and provided excuses that were purportedly given by Netflix and HBO,” Verrastro’s affidavit continues.

“To support these claims, HORWITZ repeatedly sent JJMT emails in which he forwarded purported email correspondence with employees of Netflix and HBO, respectively, discussing the underlying licensing agreements,” the paperwork goes on to say of the elaborate and clearly faked ends Horwitz went to keep the good times rolling.

As with any good drama, there are some pretty choice cameos here too.

Obviously working with the feds in their probe, Melinda LeMoine, Netflix’s Director of Content Litigation, and WarnerMedia’s Senior Litigation Administrator Patrick Younan make pivotal appearances in the affidavit. Both executives gave signed declarations to the FBI on the matter and the fact that neither of their organizations had any relationship with Horwitz and 1inMM.

“In fact, on February 12, 2021, Ms. LeMoine sent a cease-and-desist letter to HORWITZ both via his LinkedIn account and through his attorney,” the filed affidavit notes.

“The letter stated that Netflix learned HORWITZ and his company 1inMM Capital had used forged documents to represent to third parties that 1inMM Capital had licensing agreements with Netflix, but that, in fact, Netflix had no such agreements with 1inMM Capital or HORWITZ,” the FBI special agent’s document states. “The letter further stated that HORWITZ has used fabricated emails purportedly exchanged with a Netflix employee to represent to others that he anticipates receiving funds from Netflix, and that those emails are also fraudulent. The letter demands that HORWITZ stop making misrepresentations regarding his agreements with Netflix.”

Neither Netflix nor HBO had a comment on the case today when contacted by Deadline.

On April 6, Horwitz appeared in U.S. District Court to face the music from prosecutors Assistant United States Attorneys Alexander Schwab and David Chao of the Major Frauds Section.

With the criminal complaint against him now unsealed, the “self-described Hollywood entrepreneur” faces up to 20-years behind bars if found guilty of the wire fraud charges. The presiding judge set Horwitz’s bond at $1 million, and he was released late Tuesday after the matter of coming up with that cash was figured out.

Right now, an arraignment is on the court calendar for May 13 in the case.

Who knows, an adaption of this wild ride might be in development by then.

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