UPDATE: The battling continues in this war of words. Daniel Loeb’s hedge fund Third Point tonight made clear it won’t stop destabilizing Sony and its entertainment division after the Japanese parent company rejected Daniel Loeb’s pressure to spinoff its showbiz unit. Third Point said it will “explore further options to create value for shareholders” and “welcomes Sony’s commitment to greater transparency and expects this will foster a culture of accountability. Sony has clearly recognized the performance issued we identified. In the new spirit of transparency, management should communicate more specific plans to improve entertainment results. A renewed focus on profitability and better margins should reduce bureaucracy and thus free up resources to invest in high quality motion pictures, filmed entertainment, networks and music, aligning shareholder interests, the creative community and consumers.”
Earlier today, Sony told Third Point CEO Daniel Loeb today it is rejecting his proposal to create a stock for its entertainment assets and then sell up to a 20% stake to the public. The board has “unanimously concluded that continuing to own 100% of our entertainment business is the best path forward and is integral to Sony’s strategy,” CEO Kazuo Hirai says in a letter to the hedge fund manager. “We do, however, expect to increase disclosure regarding Sony’s entertainment businesses.” Hirai adds that he’s “very focused on increasing margins at [Sony] Pictures.” That’s a particular sore point for Loeb, especially following the box office results for After Earth and White House Down, which he said last week “bombed spectacularly.” In response, actor George Clooney told my colleague Mike Fleming Jr. that Loeb is “a carpet bagger…who is trying to spread a climate of fear that pushes studios to want to make only tent poles.” Hirai says that he’ll cut costs while also “aggressively investing in our global television production business” and “building upon our diversified film slate strategy.” He notes that Sony has “instituted an even more exacting ‘green light’ process for film production, focusing more intensively on overall slate profitability as well as per film returns-on-investment.” Sony’s decisions were based on its belief that demand for premium content will grow “at unprecedented levels” as broadband and mobile devices become nearly ubiquitous. Shareholders “will benefit from owning all, rather than a part, of these valuable [content] assets.” Loeb is an investor in Variety with Deadline’s parent company, PMC.
The letter follows below:
August 6, 2013
Mr. Daniel S. Loeb
Chief Executive Officer
Third Point LLC
390 Park Avenue
New York, NY 10022
Dear Mr. Loeb:
Thank you for your letters. We welcome the opportunity to exchange views with our shareholders, and we appreciate that you have shared your perspectives. We agree with the statement in your May 14, 2013 letter that Sony has “one of the most prestigious entertainment businesses in the world.” Your investment in Sony has increased the market’s focus on our entertainment businesses, which we welcome.
Since your first letter on May 14, 2013, the Board of Directors and management team, with the assistance of external financial and legal advisors, have thoroughly considered the merits of your proposal for a rights or public offering of 15-20 percent of our entertainment businesses. Our external financial advisors have met with you and heard your views in more detail. While we share with you the objectives of increasing profitability and driving shareholder value, after careful review, the Sony Board of Directors has unanimously concluded that continuing to own 100% of our entertainment business is the best path forward and is integral to Sony’s strategy. We do, however, expect to increase disclosure regarding Sony’s entertainment businesses. We agree this can help market participants analyze their performance and monitor their success.
I have been a part of the Sony family for nearly 30 years, the last year being my first as CEO. I have witnessed Sony’s long history of innovation and our passion to create groundbreaking products, content and services that inspire and excite our customers all over the world. During my tenure as CEO, we have made many changes, and we are encouraged by our progress and the opportunities ahead as we continue to execute on our One Sony strategy. Our strategy includes a commitment to:
• Further strengthen profitability in the entertainment businesses. Sony Pictures and Sony Music are critical elements of our strategy and fundamental drivers of Sony’s growth for the future. We expect that our strategy will result in strong growth and increasing profitability through investing in high-growth, high-margin businesses, particularly in television production and international networks.
In the Pictures business, we are aggressively investing in our global television production business, with 32 new and returning TV series on air in the US this year, including 15 new series in 2013-2014, the most ever for Sony. We continue to invest in our attractive, high-growth worldwide networks business. Indeed, we have grown revenue in our worldwide networks business from approximately $600 million in the fiscal year ended March 31, 2008 to $1.5 billion in the fiscal year ended March 31, 2013. We are also building upon our diversified film slate strategy, and expect to continue to explore the use of slate financing when it is advantageous to us.
We are very focused on increasing margins at Pictures, including through the growth initiatives described above, and by reducing costs. While we believe our theatrical marketing costs have been and continue to be in line with our competitors, and that our margins are generally comparable to some other major studios, we recognize that our margins should be higher. In the year since I became CEO, we have driven growth and profitability in our entertainment businesses, and during that time we have taken additional steps to tighten controls and reduce costs. For example, in the past year we have undertaken a rigorous cost savings initiative, including structural changes, that we expect to generate significant annual savings at Pictures over the next few years. We have also instituted an even more exacting “green light” process for film production, focusing more intensively on overall slate profitability as well as per film returns-on-investment.
Our Music business continues to be profitable with margins we believe are generally in line with peers. We are nurturing and developing new talent, exploiting our vast catalog and copyrights, and exploring other growth opportunities, including leveraging our vast music content for use with increasingly popular digital music service platforms. We continue to seek cost reductions and pursue operating efficiencies.
Finally, our executive compensation arrangements at Pictures and Music are tied to the performance of their business. We believe this aligns incentives for the executive management teams at Pictures and Music, specifically by linking compensation to financial performance.
Pictures and Music are critical to Sony’s corporate strategy and will be essential drivers of our future growth. Many of your observations regarding our entertainment businesses, and in particular Pictures, are not consistent with the businesses I know. I am personally involved in the oversight of these businesses and firmly committed to assuring their growth, to improving their profitability, and to aggressively leveraging their collaboration with our electronics and service businesses.
• Revitalize our electronics business. While the industry environment for our electronics business remains challenging, we have made significant progress over the past year, and we are confident that we are on the right path. We have accelerated structural reforms through our global business operations, as well as portfolio realignment, including divestiture from non-strategic businesses, and allocating capital to areas of focus. We have also released powerful new products that appeal to consumers globally. As you mentioned in your recent investor letter, our Xperia series smartphones have been very well received in Japan and Europe, and this momentum is expanding internationally, while our Cyber-shot RX1 won the prestigious Camera Grand Prix 2013 as the best new camera in Japan. We are also encouraged by the positive feedback from the announcement of the PlayStation 4, which is highly integrated with our leading networks and mobile businesses. The transformation of our television business has been progressing as planned. We are investing in Mobile, Imaging and Game, and these business units are inextricably linked to our One Sony strategy.
• Continue financial services’ steady contribution. We expect the financial services business to continue to deliver highly dependable financial products and services, and maintain its high customer satisfaction ratings. Through these efforts, the business is expected to achieve stable and growing profitability and reinforce the power of the Sony brand.
• Achieve our growth and profitability goals. We believe that a continued focus on steady execution will allow us to achieve the financial targets we set at the beginning of fiscal year 2012. Specifically, for fiscal year 2014 (ending March 31, 2015), we are targeting consolidated sales and operating revenue of ¥8.5 trillion, an operating margin of more than 5% and a return on equity of 10%. For the electronics business, for fiscal year 2014 we continue to target sales and operating revenue of ¥6.0 trillion and an operating margin of 5%.
The Board and management team strongly believe that continuing to own 100% of our entertainment business is fundamental to Sony’s success and that neither a subscription rights offering nor a public offering is consistent with our strategy for many reasons. These include:
• Demand for content is increasing its value in a dynamic industry environment, and we believe our entertainment businesses will increasingly benefit from these trends. We are in an extraordinary industry environment, where we believe the emergence of new distribution platforms, the proliferation of powerful mobile devices, and near-ubiquitous broadband access will continue to spur increasing demand for premium content at unprecedented levels. We believe Sony is well-positioned to drive value from our global content assets in this exciting environment and, thus, we believe our shareholders will benefit from owning all, rather than a part, of these valuable assets.
• Full control of our entertainment businesses drives internal collaboration, facilitates synergies, and allows us to be more nimble. Content, technology, and consumer and professional products are rapidly converging, not diverging, and we therefore expect the interplay between our entertainment and electronics businesses only to increase in size and form over the coming years and to help drive the growth of Sony’s electronics business. We observe this trend in many of our businesses, and especially in our Mobile business, where a rapidly changing landscape demands flexibility, timely decision-making and speedy execution. We also see this in the increasingly strong linkage between Sony Pictures and our Professional Solutions Group within our electronics business, in particular in focus areas such as 4K television, professional equipment, and digital production systems. These are only examples. We believe the many opportunities for collaboration in this regard are only increasing, and a rights or public offering would put obstacles in our strategic path, creating the need for otherwise unnecessary and burdensome arm’s length intercompany relationships and for consideration of minority shareholder rights, thereby limiting our control and strategic flexibility.
• There are alternative sources of capital available, should Sony require it. We believe Sony has adequate capital resources to fund our business plans. Our entertainment businesses have used their cash flow to fund and invest in their businesses, and their cash flow has not been utilized to fund other businesses. Should management determine that Sony requires additional capital, there are more efficient sources available to raise the approximately $2 billion of capital you have suggested raising through a rights or public offering. Should we require capital, or in the event of unanticipated events, our priority would be to raise it without selling a portion of an
asset fundamental to our growth strategy, and without unnecessarily burdening Sony’s ability to execute our business strategy for both entertainment and electronics.
• We can achieve increased disclosure regarding Sony’s entertainment businesses without a rights or public offering. We agree with you, other shareholders and a number of analysts that there may be advantages to providing more disclosure about our entertainment businesses, but we believe a rights or public offering is not required to provide such disclosure. We believe that providing additional disclosures will help investors better analyze the performance of these businesses. Starting in the second fiscal quarter of this year, we expect to include quarterly revenue figures for certain categories within the Pictures and Music segments, as well as certain other metrics. We also expect to include, on a quarterly basis, necessary information to enable investors to calculate adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization for each segment, including Pictures and Music. Finally, we plan to host regular meetings with our entertainment management team to assist investors and other market participants to improve their understanding and knowledge of our entertainment businesses.
Sony’s Board and management team fully understand that the industries in which Sony operates are challenging, fast moving and competitive, and as a result we are very focused on avoiding obstacles that may hamper alignment among our businesses. We believe Sony is already changing for the better, and we are encouraged by the opportunities that lie ahead as we aggressively pursue our One Sony strategy. We remain committed to pursuing sustained growth in profitability and shareholder value, so that we can meet and exceed the expectations of all of our stakeholders.
We thank you for your commitment to Sony and will continue to give full consideration to any constructive feedback from our valued shareholders. We look forward to maintaining a productive relationship with you and welcome an ongoing dialogue.
President and CEO
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