Media General shares are up about 20% in initial trading this morning following the announcement that it will combine with privately held Young Broadcasting in an all-stock transaction. The deal will create a company with 30 TV stations in 27 markets, reaching 14% of all U.S. viewers. The new entity, to keep the Media General name, will  have affiliates with all of the major networks including CBS (11 stations), NBC (9), ABC (7) Fox (1), CW (1) and MyNetwork TV (1). “The business combination of Media General and Young is a transformational event that will benefit shareholders, employees and the communities we serve,” Media General Chairman J. Stewart Bryan III says. He adds that the new Media General will find it easier to refinance its debt and take advantage of  “attractive synergies” — but also vows to promote “quality local journalism” while “operating top-rated TV stations.” Next year the company expects to reduce the size of its combined board from 14 members to 11 with five apiece from Media General and Young plus one director picked by the Nominating Committee. The deal comes a little more than a year after Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway bought Media General’s newspapers. That gave the debt-laden surviving TV company a little more latitude to join other station owners who are eager consolidate: Sellers see this as a good time to exit a mature business while buyers expect additional growth from pay TV retransmission consent fees.

Here’s the release with financial details:

RICHMOND, Va., June 6, 2013 — Media General, Inc. (NYSE: MEG) and privately held New Young Broadcasting Holding Co., Inc., both local broadcast television and digital media companies, today announced a definitive agreement to combine the two companies in an all-stock merger transaction. The new company will retain the Media General name and will remain headquartered in Richmond, VA.

Media General owns 18 network-affiliated stations, and Young owns or operates 12 network-affiliated stations. The combination will create a company with 30 stations operating in 27 markets, reaching 16.5 million, or 14%, of U.S. TV households. On a pro forma basis, 2012 revenues were $605 million, including approximately $115 million of political revenues.

The new company will have a strong balance sheet, including significant tax carryover net operating losses that will survive the merger, and an enhanced credit profile, creating opportunities to refinance existing debt at a significantly lower cost of capital. The merger will be accretive to free cash flow in the first full year. The companies have identified $25-30 million of operating and financing synergies.

The balance of network affiliations will include CBS (11), NBC (9), ABC (7) Fox (1), CW (1) and MNT (1). Sixteen of the 30 stations are located in the Top 75 DMAs. The new company will be more geographically diverse and will have a presence in more markets that generate strong political revenues. Its increased size will enhance its ability to participate in retransmission revenue growth, share growth of national and digital advertising, and syndicated programming purchasing.

J. Stewart Bryan III, chairman of Media General, said, “The business combination of Media General and Young is a transformational event that will benefit shareholders, employees and the communities we serve. The combination provides immediate accretion to free cash flow, a strong balance sheet, the opportunity to refinance debt at a much lower cost and attractive synergies. Young’s management and its owners share Media General’s commitment to quality local journalism and to operating top-rated TV stations, making this merger a unique and compelling combination with significant growth potential. I have agreed to vote all of my shares to unwind Media General’s dual-class stock structure and to approve the transaction. I look forward to benefiting as a continuing long-term shareholder in the new Media General.”

Thomas J. Sullivan, executive chairman of New Young Broadcasting, said, “This merger is compelling on many levels and will create a company with valuable strategic assets, significant financial resources and a deep team of talented and experienced personnel. Together, these two great companies will be even better positioned to prosper in today’s competitive media environment. I look forward to joining the Media General Board of Directors and working with my new colleagues.”

George L. Mahoney, president and chief executive officer of Media General, who will retain that role following the merger, said, “We are thrilled to join forces with the Young team and add its great collection of stations and digital assets to ours. I’m very excited about the wonderful opportunities that lie ahead for the new Media General. Our stations and Young’s have earned excellent reputations as leading local content providers. In working with the Young management and owners over the past several months, it’s clear that we share strong values for customer focus and innovation and a commitment to harnessing the future in an age of rapid change. The new Media General will have a highly competitive broadcasting platform and a strong digital focus, particularly for mobile platforms. We see opportunities for organic growth and other expansion. We expect to take advantage of attractive debt markets and refinance our total debt outstanding at a much lower interest rate. We anticipate a seamless integration of operations and the ability to take advantage quickly of our new operating and financing synergies, to realize the benefits inherent in our combination. We believe the new Media General has outstanding prospects for increasing shareholder value.”

Deborah McDermott, chief executive officer of New Young Broadcasting, said, “This is an exciting day for Young Broadcasting. We’re delighted to find an outstanding strategic business partner in Media General, with its strong stations and digital platforms in attractive markets. Our companies share a commitment to quality broadcasting. Combining our two companies creates opportunities for profitable growth that neither company would be capable of achieving on its own. We look forward to working with the Media General team and to realizing the tremendous potential of this merger, including attractive near-term growth opportunities.”

Under the merger agreement, Media General will reclassify each outstanding share of its Class A and Class B common stock into one share of a newly created class of Media General common stock, which will be entitled to elect all of Media General’s directors. No additional consideration will be paid to the Class B shareholders for giving up their right to directly elect 70% of Media General’s directors. Media General will issue approximately 60.2 million shares of the new Media General common stock to Young’s shareholders. The estimated total shares outstanding after closing is 89.1 million. Media General’s pro forma ownership split will be approximately 32.5% Media General shareholders and 67.5% Young shareholders. The new Media General common stock will be listed on the NYSE and trade under the symbol MEG, subject to NYSE approval of the listing of the new shares.

Media General’s 2011/2012 average revenues were $320 million and Young’s were $219 million. Media General’s 2011/2012 average adjusted EBITDA was $90 million and Young’s was $77 million. These adjusted EBITDA amounts have been normalized for acquisitions, dispositions and certain non-recurring, one-time and other items agreed upon by both parties. Broadcast financial results in even-numbered years include political revenues and Olympics advertising, and odd-numbered years mostly reflect the absence of those revenues. The broadcast industry, therefore, typically assesses a company’s performance based on a two-year average of its financial results, which takes into account this biennial effect of political and Olympics revenues.

As of March 31, 2013, Media General’s outstanding debt was $601 million, and Young’s was $164 million. The new Media General intends to pursue a total debt refinancing of approximately $900 million, reflecting the total debt outstanding of both companies, call premiums on various debt issuances, a $50 million cash contribution to Media General’s qualified pension plan, and transaction fees and expenses. If it is able to complete the refinancing, which is subject to debt market conditions at the time of refinancing, Media General believes that its pro forma interest expense following the refinancing would be approximately $50 million per year.

Following closing, the initial Board of Directors will consist of 14 directors, including Media General’s current nine directors and Young’s current five directors. Mr. Bryan will serve as the initial chairman. At the 2014 Annual Shareholders’ Meeting, the size of the Board will be reduced to 11 directors and consist of five of the current Media General directors (to include the current chairman, vice chairman and president/CEO plus two others as designated by the Nominating Committee), the five former Young directors, and one additional director selected by the Nominating Committee. The Nominating Committee will consist of five directors, including three former Young directors and two current Media General directors.

The transaction has been unanimously approved by the Media General Board of Directors and the Young Board of Directors. It also has received the necessary approval of Young’s shareholders. The transaction is subject to the approval of Media General Class A shareholders and Class B shareholders, the Federal Communications Commission, clearance under the Hart-Scott-Rodino antitrust act, and customary third-party consents. The D. Tennant Bryan Media Trust, which holds 85% of the company’s Class B shares, has agreed to vote in favor of the transaction. Media General will convene a special shareholders’ meeting to vote on the transaction. The time, location and other details regarding this meeting will be communicated to shareholders at a later date. Media General will file a proxy statement with the SEC regarding the transaction. The proxy statement will include detailed financial and other information about Young and its business. The transaction is expected to close in the late third or early fourth quarter of this year.

The merger agreement will be included in a Form 8-K to be filed shortly with the SEC. The 8-K filing will be available on Media General’s Website in the Investor Relations section.

RBC Capital Markets, LLC and Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson LLP are advising Media General. Stephens Inc. and Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP are advising the independent members of the Board of Directors of Media General, and Stephens delivered a fairness opinion to the full Media General Board of Directors. Wells Fargo Securities, LLC and Debevoise & Plimpton LLP are advising Young Broadcasting.